BIOS is now called UEFI or on top brand gaming motherboard, has a nice CSM mode, it is dual EFI and BIOS all in one, best of both words better)
Some makers call it DUAL BIOS. (cute no?) (The wise makers of PC give you a choice, ASUS is the best in this regard)
Personally I avoid UEFI safeboot mode, and in fact use legacy mode every chance I get, on older PCs the BIOS(UEFI) is bug ridden mess, some have 15 BIOS updates and is still full of bugs.
You are here because you can not boot to CD /DVD/BR optical disks or to USB memory sticks or to external HDD (SSD).
UEFI is not the same as old loved BIOS:
Welcome to UEFI BIOS, (my desktop runs CSM BIOS that is both BIOS and UEFI dual mode (ASUS) . "Compatiblity Support Module" Or simply of all LEGACY mode.
To boot to USB (or DVD) you must turn off Secure boot and turn on Legacy Support. This first example is a HP PC.(modern )
When you do that on a HP PC, the UEFI sends you a live secret 4 digit code say, 1234,(this blocks virus attacks, this trick) You then reboot the PC.
The PC tells you next, omg UEFI security is breached, and asks for the 4 digit secret code, and then you type it, 1234 and does not echo to the screen do not panic, just type it blindly and hit enter.
If you go back into this page in UEFI, you see the below the locked in setting done by me.
I like to put the USB/KEY as 1st boot order. (next) There are special key presses to do that. (seen on the right column) F10 saved all settings and...
YOU can now boot and hammer the F9 key (this is HP boot on the fly key) and then pick USB key or DVD. as the case may be. and even load LINUX.
I will show 2 UEFI screens, one is OEM style, (HP) and the other a top gaming mobo (motherboard by Asus Z270-p)
Old PCs are easy , power on, hammer the F9 key to boot to USB and then hammer (tap,tap,tap...) the space bar to satify the El Torito spec rules, if booting external media of any kind. (see hybrid here)
On a newer PC's not so easy this is. (yoda said) but yes it is, flip 2 bits bam legacy.
See how to move order of USB to the top, using prompted keys in the right window.
This PC has CSM BIOS, (does it all !) I turn on CSM first, then advanced then legacy all. Bam it boots to anything I want. This is my Z270p motherboard in action.
Doing this you can now boot to USB and...
Side issues on UEFI:
Also turn off fast boot if you want to use linux as dual boot or use linux to back up the windows files latter (like windows is dead?). (or you will be sorry) W10 it's called Fast Startup.
If you forget to do that running Linux , at the least Linux sees C: as missing or illegally formatted, saving your bacon. (tricky no?)
UEFI can be just wrapper around your normal BIOS code. (a shell of protection from virus infections)
UEFI allows booting any HDD over 3TB and GPT formatted drive. (most BIOS can not do that, and expections exists for BIOS +GPT, etc...)
MBR disks can not cross, over, 2.2TB (approx) size. ever. So GPT is the only path and BIOS that supports it , is called UEFI.
There are execeptions to this rule, special HDD(that shrinks with a jumper) or new SATA PCI-e card with its OWN BIOS EXTENSION. ( yah the beauty is that word extensions, that IBM invented) but MBR format is limited no matter what you do.
See this trick on big server. HP Generation 8 server.
MBR = 32^2 (4,294,967,295) Times 512byte sectors, so is limited to 2.2TB (do the math or wiki MBR) 32 to the 2nd power.
Most of us now boot from small, SSD (only speed matters to me), and we don't have $3000 for 3TB SSD, nor wish to. (in fact I am booted from M.2 screaming fast SSD)
Also you need 64bit OS, to run huge HDD, and for sure USB external HDD this large.(and chips inside that work, some don't)
My Z270p mother board can not boot to any GPT drive in CSM mode,but can use them all day long, in windows, 64bit. (just can't boot from GPT in CSM mode but sure can in UEFI )
The myth of BIOS infections.
First off I call MYTH BUSTED, if you did not prove this true then it is a lie. (told lies based of rumors, or hear say or blind fear is not wise)
The First PCs had a Jumper labeled "BIOS update disabled" some NIMROD engineer removed this jump ,one of the most stupid acts ever done on any PC ever ! IMO
Some makers of PC then added a BOOT BLOCK LOCK to protect this, sadly many OEM did not add the feature.
The most dangerous section of BIOS is the BOOT block, if a Virus infects this section this section is the first part the executes, during a cold boot, your CPU does hard just to the boot block first address.
There are 3 basic programs that burn the BIOS seen here.(generic) (and 20 here)
See here for vast overclockers bricking there PC, nothing on earth more clearly shows the folly of these acts.
A Google site: above, search there shows 2900 Bricked PC, (means dead after hacking BIOS) (Google Bricked BIOS hits 250,000)
A virus would need to use the binary codes in the above, 23 (that I know) burn programs and some how match 23 of those to your motherboard, and infect the BIOS. (sure possible but not easy) why is below:
The reason this is a lie is because the FUD purveyors failed to prove it first.
The below is what the BIOS virus must do to infect BIOS. (no small feat , really GOD LIKE if you ask me)
I think, all this paranoia was from 1 guy in Asia, that wrote 1 virus (on a dare) that infected just 1 PC made in 1998, Just one PC that does not EXIST TODAY anywhere, but in a land fill. ( the day paranoia started?)
The only way I see this happening is the HDD virus, runs all 23 burning App.s and attemps to burn the boot block 23 times, and with more infected code (all bad)
Just One PC is easy to hack BIOS (can be) but all 50,000 models world wide,I all call But is moot point now, with TPM+UEFI (They plugged the hole at huge expense)
BIOS VIRUS PHANTOMS? How to prove one exits is below:
Other than running 23+ boot block burning apps blindly, the below is how smart infection code would work.
There is no way to test this theory due to 1000's of motherboards with unique BIOS onboard, vastly more I'm sure.(23year span now 2018, that 1995 is the first EEPROMS and in wonderful sockets)
Before 1995 we had EPROM that must be UV light source erased, but one could program it with all 0 and kill dead all the 1's in the chip, but most EPROM need highvoltage to burn 12vdc or more, that no motherboard could do, nor wanted to then.
This means the first infectable PCs are 1995 and newer until UEFI lock down day.2014
The best way to lock down EEPROM is with a hardware jumper, the BIOS BOOT block lockout, and the EZ-flash section locked out too. (that we you can always recover other Flash sections that were damage.)
May PCs now have 2 BIOSs on board, master and backup. (the backup is locked down) Better PCs those are.
IF PARANOIA STRIKES DEEP?: (into your heart it will creep, and....) This is what to do, and also proves it was not BIOS infected. (as most myth FUD masters fail to do)
Related to above myth, The person that flashed and bricked their PC now cries BIOS VIRUS how silly can they be?, here is how. (the truth is THEY ARE THE VIRUS)
I have seen many folks use the wrong binary (zillions do) then wonder why things are dead, then I tell them gee your PC has 10 or more motherboard options day 1 new (even by country), guess what you guessed WRONG.
Some top brands of Laptops have 1 mother board fulled if intel chips and the other one full of AMD chips but the PC has the SAME NAME and model names, OMG how, easy sub codes see here (#ABA ,codes !!!)
See the 10 silly things people do to BIOS and FAIL.
After said persons did that and the screen is now dead (BIOS dead and now with wrong GPU code locked in to your BIOS) the PC is now bricked, unless our OEM PC maker can save your bacon, sure do ask them.
Next time do not flash BIOS until you learn how. FOR SURE
Please stop flashing BIOS for fun, kicks or paranoia, or overlocking hacks. (and end the pain)
Most bricking of BIOS was self inflected. (done wrong or overclocking it and burning up chips, learn that overclocking causes cmos transistors to overheat, why do that? )
If you bricked your PC or for sure Bricked your BIOS , go to your OEM.com pages, and ask for a BIOS total update ( Make real sure the web site and your country match or you can get the wrong BIOS)
HDD cures: Dead PC.
Erase it first using these free tools DBAN or Killdisk.
Using authentic MS.com downloaded W10 ISO , install the OS. (fresh and virgin form microsoft.com) OK
I bet you it is not infected now.
Next steel yourself, repeat after me, your BIOS is OK , your BIOS is ok 3 times
If the PC still fails, see this page on the STRIP DOWN.
A UEFI/BIOS video, that is pretty accurate:(hit stop at 4;00 minute mark)
version 2. 8-8-2018